10 Python Project Ideas Suitable For Beginners

by Krish Karthik
10 Python Project Ideas Suitable For Beginners

You know the basics and are now ready to apply them. Get started with these Python projects!

So you’ve been learning Python for a while now. But you’re still thinking about how you can apply what you know and hone your Python skills. And like any director, you want to show something that you’ve built with what you’ve learned so far.

Of course, learning by doing is one of the best ways to become a better programmer. And there are plenty of Python projects for beginners that you can get started with to increase your confidence, starting with simple games, quizzes, authentication scripts, and more.

Connection system

A login system is one of the most basic but impactful projects you can undertake if you are interested in web development.

A unique way to approach this is to write user inputs to a text file (record) and validate those inputs upon login.

It’s quite similar to how you save and submit your data to software’s database to gain authenticated access to use it.

Additionally, it introduces you to the concepts of conditional statements, exception handling, loops, and file handling in Python. One challenge you may face with this project is how to remove duplicates in your data.

Invariably, you have to manipulate your code to reject usernames already present in your text file. Then match users’ passwords with their usernames when logging in.

Fortunately, you don’t need any web frameworks for this project. You can write your code in any text editor and run it through the command line.

Tic-Tac-Toe

Self-coding of the famous paper and pencil tic-tac-toe with Python has grown in popularity. So it should be an easy race.

Tic-tac-toe is a square matrix game (usually a 3 X 3) played by two players. The two are in a war of attrition, seeking to capture three squares in a row with their marks (usually an “X” for one player and an “O” for the other).

The first player to complete three squares in a row in any significant direction wins. And, of course, the other loses. You can also set up some variations of the neural network so that people can play against the computer.

It’s a great angle to explore if you’re interested in developing board games with a bit of artificial intelligence and machine learning.

With Python modules like pygame and tkinter , you can even make your noughts and crosses app more graphically pleasing.

Create a quiz app with Python

Coding and running a multiple choice app through your command line shows that you can use what you’ve learned to create something pretty basic and usable.

Coding a multiple choice quiz with Python not only exposes you to how a typical quiz application works, but you will also get used to some of the basic concepts of Python programming.

As with the other beginner projects on the list, a basic understanding of loops, functions, conditions, object-oriented programming, and how arrays work in Python is all you need.

To simplify the development cycle, however, a few questions should come to mind:

  • How will you post your questions?
  • How can users enter their responses?
  • How do you plan to specify the right options when entering questions?
  • How about adding up the scores for each correct answer?
    Once you’ve answered these questions, you’re good to go.

Create a desktop GUI calculator

If you want to build desktop apps with Python, starting with a graphical user interface (GUI) calculator isn’t a bad idea.

While it might seem a bit advanced, the path is smooth once you get started.

Creating a GUI calculator helps you understand Python GUI modules like tkinter , PyQT , Pyforms, and Kivy among others.

You can use separate functions to handle the calculations and then code the user interface using any GUI module. The tkinter library , however, is more beginner friendly.

Tkinter has a built-in event button handler that takes external functions as arguments. You can therefore call your calculation functions when designing your interface to make them work with the graphical interface.

Automate Excel operations with Python

Whether you’re a VBA expert or frequently perform date-to-time conversions, you can take advantage of the flexibility of Python for creativity using Vlookup and Excel.

Automating Excel tasks with Python is quite handy if you want to dive into data science or statistical analysis with Python.

This project teaches you how to manipulate data and work with data science libraries such as pandas , numpy, and matplotlib .

For example, you can develop a Python program to clean up poorly formatted data or code a project to automate VBA and graphics.

Game development sometimes seems like a mystery. But Python’s influence in the gaming industry is also significant. And getting your hands dirty with a snake game is worth a try if you want to start making games with Python.

While it may be difficult at first, you’ll understand better once you get started.

And if you decide to dive deeper, it lets you explore the features of Python game libraries like pygame , pyglet , pykyra, and kivy , among others.

To perform this, however, you can use the popular turtle or pygame library .

Create a simple chatbot with Python

Many tech companies are now improving customer satisfaction with artificial intelligence. Sometimes they accomplish this by incorporating a chatbot that naturally chats with you when you visit their webpage.

Natural Language Processing (NLP) is one of Python’s strengths, and if you’re passionate about deep learning with neural networks and AI, this area should be of interest to you.

A chatbot is an AI that reacts like a human every time you visit a website. While you might not need to set up your own on the web just yet, creating a command line chatbot is a gateway for further creative exploration.

Create a URL shortener with Python

Here is something for bitly lovers. A URL shortener is one of the easiest projects you can get started with as a Python beginner.

You can use Python libraries like pyshorteners to run your project. Bitly even provides an API that lets you create a custom URL shortener with Python. It’s a great way to get started with APIs.

And if you want to question yourself about how things work behind the scenes, you can create a custom algorithm for the URL shortener.

Build a web scraper

Whether it’s for monitoring market trends or consumer behavior, web scraping is a plus if you want to explore the power of Python in business analysis.

Web scraping is a valuable business intelligence tool used by modern businesses to obtain decision-making data from various web pages. You can write scripts to collect specific information and then store it in a CSV or Excel file.

Building a web scraper with Python gives you the opportunity to learn how web crawlers work in real applications. You can start a web scraping project with Python’s beautifulsoup library.

And you can also make a full-fledged web crawler using the scrapy frame.

Unit converter

Are you inclined to computer programming? If so, creating a Python object with functions loaded with unit conversion algorithms is an insightful path.

Once you know the mathematical equation for converting a unit, writing your code is easy.

In order for your program to work for many units, you may want to create conditions to validate user choices. An ideal way to do this is to handle each conversion with separate functions.

You can then call each function based on conditions (as desired by a user) from a parent function. And, of course, you can run your conversion code through the CMD.

Here is an idea:

def celciusToFar(option=None):
if type(option)== int or float:
option = (option * 9/5) + 32
print(option,”F”)
else:
return “Conversion error”
def farToCelcius(option=None):
if type(option)== int or float:
option = (option – 32) * 5/9
print(option,”C”)
else:
return “Conversion error”
def masterFunc(number=None, options=None): #Create a master function to validate users’ choice with conditions
options = input(“C to F | F to C: “)
if options == “C to F”:
number = float(input(“Type number to convert: “))
if type(number)==int or float:
return celciusToFar(number)
else:
return “Invalid operation”
elif options == “F to C”:
number = float(input(“Type number to convert: “))
return farToCelcius(number)
else:
return “Conversion fails”
masterFunc()

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